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Conflict and Changing Spectrums of Violence: Pellet Victims of Kashmir

Conflict and Changing Spectrums of Violence: Pellet Victims of Kashmir

Violence is increasingly significant for social theory as a field, yet it is frequently scattered and split into specialised fields of study. However recently it has gained traction and bringing in new theoretical and discursive attempts on the studies of ‘violence’ back into the center of the social sciences. And even in related disciplines such as experimental psychology, biology, or the neurosciences this global research trend is becoming more and more obvious. In the social sciences, the main challenge of addressing violence today is to identify its distinctiveness, that is, to precisely delineate the empirical subject of an emerging field of sociological research.

Gender Sensitisation and Treatment of Women in Indian Cinema

Gender Sensitisation and Treatment of Women in Indian Cinema

French feminist philosopher Simone de Beauvoir said, “Man is defined as a human being and woman as a female – whenever she behaves as a human being, she is said to imitate the male.” It is a well-known fact that art, cinema, and literature significantly impact the lives of people of an era. They cannot be considered merely sources of entertainment as they act as strong forces of power to mould and change different societal practices. It is especially true in the case of Indian cinema, as this industry is the world’s largest in movie production (with an average of 1800 or more movies produced in a year). Because of its surplus production, cinema can be considered the most accessible, hence preferred, mode of media to communicate with the public. There has been prolonged mistreatment of women in Indian cinema, and there is a need for the sensitisation of gender representation in the mainstream media. The article does a close reading of three Indian movies, Cocktail (2012), a Hindi language movie directed by Homi Adajania and Rathinirvedam (2011) and The Great Indian Kitchen (2021), Malayalam language movies directed by Rajeev Kumar and Joe Baby respectively. These three movies are taken as a mirror of society and exhibit the demeaning and trivialising of women in three major aspects: compartmentalising women into categories which do not consider their calibre or talent, objectification of women, and disregarding women as human beings in a patriarchal household setting, respectively.

Book Review: Conceptualizing Mass Violence: Representations, Recollections, and Reinterpretations

Book Review: Conceptualizing Mass Violence: Representations, Recollections, and Reinterpretations

The twentieth century has been a century of mass violence and genocides beginning with Namibia (1904-1908) and ending with Rwanda (1994). Even the slogan ‘Never Again!’ raised after the Holocaust and the UN functionaries proved to be hollow, as evident in Bangladesh (1971), Burundi (1972), Bosnia and Herzegovina (1992), and Rwanda (1994), among others. The twenty-first century is no better, as evident in Myanmar’s mass violence and ongoing ethnic cleansing against the Rohingyas. The edited volume by Navras J. Aafreedi and Priya Singh fills an important gap in mass violence scholarship with a representation of scholars from all (Asia, Africa, North America, South America, Europe and Oceania/Australasia) continents (except Antarctica) covering a wide array of themes across geographies. The book has been divided into eight themes: Narratives, Revisionism and reconstruction, Education, Reflections, Trauma, Memorialisation, Literature, Dialogue, and reconciliation. 

Sri Lanka Under Liquidity Trap

Sri Lanka Under Liquidity Trap

Sri Lanka is currently reeling under severe inflation and foreign exchange crisis with falling foreign currency assets and the government’s inability to foot the bill for essential imports. Sri Lanka has seen an enormous capital flight of this short term capital which has triggered a massive selloff in its bond market and currency. The central bank sold dollars in the foreign exchange (forex) market to stabilize the sliding rupee.

Ganga’s Revival: A Distant Dream without Reimagining Policy

Ganga’s Revival: A Distant Dream without Reimagining Policy

Ganga is one of the most significant rivers in India. The river has appeared in almost all election campaigns, particularly in the cow belt region. In 2017, when the BJP was campaigning for the Uttar Pradesh elections, its slogan was “Gaon, Gau, Ganga and Gita.” Unfortunately, with Ganga still overloaded with pollutants, all the extensive talks regarding Ganga’s conservation seem like prattle.

Sri Lanka Under Liquidity Trap

Sri Lanka Under Liquidity Trap

Sri Lanka is currently reeling under severe inflation and foreign exchange crisis with falling foreign currency assets and the government’s inability to foot the bill for essential imports. Sri Lanka has seen an enormous capital flight of this short term capital which has triggered a massive selloff in its bond market and currency. The central bank sold dollars in the foreign exchange (forex) market to stabilize the sliding rupee.

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Lessons in Popular Resistance

Lessons in Popular Resistance

Over the past three months, the farmers of the country have shown excellent resolve and organisation against the unilateral moves of the central government. In Punjab, the ongoing agitation had begun in November 2020. Tractor rallies across the state were held and widely publicised. The central government at that time had not anticipated that it could pose a serious challenge to its credibility and prove difficult to resolve the disagreement. It was only when the farmers assembled at the borders of Delhi and demonstrated their might and determination that the government took any serious notice of the issue. On Tuesday, the protests entered Delhi and occupied the Red Fort area.

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Prophet Muhammad beyond Islamism

Prophet Muhammad beyond Islamism

Dr. Hamid also addressed how Muslims perceive the Prophet. Any remark on the Prophet is perceived as an attack on their selves, which he said is a very modern way of looking at things. Dr. Hamid ended his talk with the idea of Islamism. According to him, Islamism is also a very modern construct and is, in part, a reaction to the introduction of secular ideologies in the contemporary era. He reiterated that we must look very carefully at how political context shapes the interpretation of doctrines.

Book Discussion: Born a Muslim

Book Discussion: Born a Muslim

Wahab highlighted the lack of participation in establishing institutions either of modern education or charitable organisations, working on modern transparent, trustworthy principles by the modern, educated, upwardly mobile Muslims. She believes that the opinions of modern people are inclusive in their outlook and conscious of the deliberate marginalisation of Muslims. However, they are discarded because the people within the community believe that modern, educated, upwardly mobile Muslims do not have any locus standi, which proved detrimental to the community.

Book Review- Born a Muslim: Some Truths about Islam in India

Book Review- Born a Muslim: Some Truths about Islam in India

In the given political conditions, the intellectual debates in India have triggered the interpretation of religion and its relevance in Indian political conditions. It is just a coincidence that Indian readers have seen two notable contributions on the same subject in just two years. The first was a prolific author and politician, Shashi Tharoor. He wrote “Why I am a Hindu” in which he explained the true tenets of the Hindu religion and defended the Hindu religion from getting politicised and misinterpreted by his opponents. Tharoor has elucidated Hinduism’s humane, tolerant face. Similarly, Ghazala Wahab has attempted to present a picture of Islam and Muslims in India through her book “Born a Muslim: Some Truths about Islam in India.”

Book Discussion: Many Mahabhartas

Book Discussion: Many Mahabhartas

Told in the form of poems, plays, sculptures, comic books, paintings, novels, short stories, films, folk tales, essays, and tv shows, – the desire for more retellings is baked into the Mahabharata’s creation myth. The editors explained that the chapters demonstrate that any Mahabharata represents many Mahabharata. They mentioned some examples of retellings of the epic: The Jain narrative of Mahabharata depicts that the 100 brothers renounce all earthy possessions and become ascetics. Another version poem depicts Pandavas and Kauravas joining forces to wage battle with Krishna to save a local king’s life. Another version shows the brothers split the kingdom and did not go to war. Some versions focus on other side characters like Shakuntala, Suparna, Ashwathama, and Gatothkacha without mentioning Pandavas or Kauravas. 

Ganga’s Revival: A Distant Dream without Reimagining Policy

Ganga’s Revival: A Distant Dream without Reimagining Policy

Ganga is one of the most significant rivers in India. The river has appeared in almost all election campaigns, particularly in the cow belt region. In 2017, when the BJP was campaigning for the Uttar Pradesh elections, its slogan was “Gaon, Gau, Ganga and Gita.” Unfortunately, with Ganga still overloaded with pollutants, all the extensive talks regarding Ganga’s conservation seem like prattle.

Sri Lanka Under Liquidity Trap

Sri Lanka Under Liquidity Trap

Sri Lanka is currently reeling under severe inflation and foreign exchange crisis with falling foreign currency assets and the government’s inability to foot the bill for essential imports. Sri Lanka has seen an enormous capital flight of this short term capital which has triggered a massive selloff in its bond market and currency. The central bank sold dollars in the foreign exchange (forex) market to stabilize the sliding rupee.

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