Imagining Integrated Theatre Commands as ‘Strategic Entities’

he recent conflicts in Yemen, Syria, Libya and Nagorno-Karabakh have demonstrated emerging threats, the advent of modern innovative technologies and the complexities of joint multi-domain warfare. COVID-19 further gave proof of unknown challenges faced by an increasingly inter-connected and inter-dependent world. In the Indian context, Pulwama and Galwan incidents in recent years have adequately highlighted the myriad challenges being faced by India and the need for cohesive employment of comprehensive National Power. While all elements of national power are increasingly being harnessed towards that, within Armed Forces, integration and jointness are most critical to achieving desired outcomes in future conflicts. After decades of safeguarding individual service turfs amidst inadequacies of civil-military relationships and resource constraints, Indian Armed Forces have shown a promising start to achieve a transformation process that should ideally not culminate at higher defence organisations like DMA, CDS and Integrated Theatre Commands (ITCs) but also cover Armed Forces in its entirety.

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